PATERNAL ANCESTRY OF ?MARGARETTA PRICHARD (est 1650 –?1728)
The total ANCESTRY CHART of our Prichard family is
divided into two parts: the Primary Chart 1-2 and the Branch Chart 1-2. See the
Introduction for our reasons for dividing the long royal lines of 46.HUGH
VAUGHAN and his mother-in-law 95.JANE LEWIS from the main Primary Chart giving
1st to 5th Generations back from ?Margaretta Prichard
6th Generation back from ?Margaretta Prichard
46.HUGH VAUGHAN of Kidwelly, later Golden Grove (est b.1460 - aft 1547)
We comment elsewhere on the lack of historical documentation for HUGH’S family claim of descent from BLEDDYN ap CYNFYN (d.1076) through the illegitimate son of BLEDDYN’s grandson MADOG ap MAREDUDD (see HISTORICAL NARRATIVE Gentry 1)The Herald Francis Jones accepted this descent because the number of named ancestors between HUGH VAUGHAN and EINION EFELL (died 1160) was consistent with the dates, and it was not inherently improbable or weak (“Vaughans of Golden Grove,” p.98), and his successor as Herald, Dr Siddons, says it is reasonable to accept the pedigree (private communication, 23 March 2005). Moreover, the pedigree was recorded by HUGH’s contemporary, the bard and Herald Gruffudd Hiraethog, who called him Huw Llwyd (grey) or Huw Fychan (junior) and explained that he first came to Kidwelly from Powys to visit his married half-sister. Bartrum lists the pedigree as Bleddyn ap Cynfyn 8 (A2), for which he cites Peniarth 133 p.146, Peniarth 132 p.343, and Peniarth 134 p.324. Circumstantial evidence for the pedigree also lies in the fact that both HUGH and his half-sister Catrin made good marriages in South Wales as befit members of a prominent family, and that HUGH’s father and his brother Morus and descendants were recorded as living at the gentry house Gartheryr in North Wales. Also, HUGH’s own life is well documented (see HISTORICAL NARRATIVE).
Her paternal ancestry is well documented (see her father 94.MORRIS BOWEN in Primary Chart 1). Her maternal ancestry from 95.JANE LEWIS is given here, primarily from Bartrum’s pedigrees Cydifor Fawr 16,16B and Rhys ap Tewdwr 4, with considerable historical documentation. JANE’s line is so long and complex that we labelled certain sections as “branches.” Little is known of JANE’S own life except that she bore one son and eight daughters. As a widow she married Jenkin Lloyd of Blaen Tren (Dwnn, I, 32). She appears to have been well over 60 years old when she remarried, according to Star Chamber records that HUGH was still alive in 1547 (Ifan ab Owen Edwards, A catalogue of Star Chamber proceedings relating to Wales, Cardiff, 1929, p.3, cited by Francis Jones, above).
7th Generation back from ?Margaretta Prichard
HUGH’s father lived at Gartheryr in the parish of Llanrhaeadr-ym-Mochnant in north Wales, west of Shrewsbury. According to Bartrum’s pedigree Bleddyn ap Cynfyn 8, GRUFFUDD had two sisters, Angharad and Margred, and a brother Edward whose descendants lived nearby in Llangedwyn.
Bartrum’s pedigree of her husband’s family cites her descent from Rhirid Flaidd (born c.1150), a patriarch from the next county, Merionethshire. She was GRUFFUDD’S second wife, but we know nothing else about her (pedigree Rhirid Flaidd 6(C)).
For his descent see Primary Chart 1. For details of MORRIS’S important family and his own life, see the HISTORICAL NARRATIVE Gentry 4.
JANE’s marriage to MORRIS BOWEN is documented by Gruffudd Hiraethog in Peniarth 133, p.148 and Peniarth 139, p.137 and later pedigrees. Like her son-in-law 46.HUGH VAUGHAN, she herself descended from the Welsh princes, and her line is one of our longest, most interesting, and best documented lines, including the several branches that are separately labelled. See the HISTORICAL NARRATIVE Gentry 3 for her family’s place in Welsh history. The LEWIS family claimed descent from Cydifor Fawr, and several in-laws in the lines of both 10.JOHN ap REES and 11.ELIZABETH made the same claim, which we mention in those entries in Primary Chart 1. However, we found no substantive relation among these figures.
8th Generation back from ?Margaretta Prichard
We have little information on HUGH’S grandfather, not even whether he also lived at Gartheryr. The pedigree shows a sister Gwen whom we have not investigated further.
Bartrum’s pedigree shows that she was descended from Rhirid Flaidd, but we have not followed her parentage (Rhirid Flaidd 3).
THOMAS was father of 95.JANE, and his pedigree was first recorded by Hugh Havard in 1580-1597, repeated later by several genealogists including David Edwardes, and included in Bradney’s History of Monmouthshire and Clark’s Limbus Patrum Morganiae (see the HISTORICAL NARRATIVE Gentry 2). According to his pedigree in Cardiff MS Baglan 2 by John Williams, 1600-07, he lived at St. Pierre near Chepstow. He was named as Thomas Lewis of Chepstow at his death in the battle of Banbury in 1469 (Evans p.103). Dr.Siddons believes that although he has not found evidence of the Lewises at St Pierre before the 16th century, their descent from 1520.PHILIP as given in Bartrum’s Cydifor Fawr 16 is likely (private communication 23 March 2005). Note that in 1549 Henry Lewis of St Pierre sealed with arms attributed to his ancestor 3040.LLYWELYN ab IFOR, so the descent was already claimed by the family at that date. We note too that although LLYWELYN lived in Monmouthshire he had connections with the part of Carmarthenshire where THOMAS’S daughter JANE lived with her husband MORRIS BOWEN. This could explain how they came to be married though they lived so far apart. The LEWIS family lived at St Pierre near Chepstow until 1893, and the luxury hotel now on the site has parts dated back to the 14th century. For photos see the hotel website http://marriott.com/property/propertypage/CWLGS
According to the pedigrees by Bartrum (Cydifor Fawr 14, 15, 15(A1), ELIZABETH was a third cousin once removed of her husband THOMAS LEWIS, as they both descended from 3040.LLYWELYN of Tredegar. Their marriage was recorded around 1560 by Gruffudd Hiraethog, though he called ELIZABETH Margred (Peniarth 139, p.137). Her branch is one of our longest and best developed, so we have labelled it as hers (Branch of 191.ELIZABETH f. MORGAN), and then labeled separately the branch of her mother as the daughter of Sir ROGER VAUGHAN of Bredwardine (Branch of 383.ELIZABETH VAUGHAN). This family is obviously prominent in the HISTORICAL NARRATIVE Gentry 2, where we give material on the MORGAN family from Bradney’s History of Monmouthshire, and Clark’s Limbus Patrum Morganiae.
9th Generation back from ?Margaretta Prichard
We know little of this great-grandfather of HUGH VAUGHAN. He appears in Gruffudd Hiraethog’s Peniarth 132 p.101, Peniarth 133 p.146, and Peniarth 176 p.153, but no wife is given. His brother Ieuan Gethin (swarthy) had descendants in Oswestry and Llansilin to whom Lewis Glyn Cothi addressed poems (Siddons, Vol I, p.105). From his name, the clergyman Hywel Cyffin (also called Hywel Gethin) may have been related to DAFYDD. He became dean of St Asaph and supported Owain Glyn Dwr in the first year of the rebellion (for details see R.R. Davies, Glyn Dwr, pp.59,142).
According to Clark’s Limbus Patrum Morganiae, this grandfather of 95.JANE LEWIS was active between 1427 and 1441. Clark published summaries of a very large number of Glamorgan and Monmouthshire deeds in his Cartae et alia munimenta... , and we assume that he had found deeds relating to LEWYS at those dates, but the index to the book is poor and we were not able to find these deeds in the six volumes (see also 764.JENKIN). However, Bradney recorded in History of Monmouthshire a deed of 1430 in Latin in which LEWYS appeared (p. 75).
The pedigrees record MARGARET’S father as living at Llanwern near Newport, Monmouthshire, but we have found no documentation about the WELSH family.
This father of 191.ELIZABETH, wife of THOMAS LEWIS, was historically documented as owner of the estates of Langstone and Pencoed, east of Newport in Monmouthshire, and as a Commissioner for South Wales in 1467 (see HISTORICAL NARRATIVE Gentry 2). His son Thomas MORGAN sealed in 1481 with the arms attributed to 3040.LLYWELYN ab IFOR. The line was recorded by Gruffudd Hiraethog in Peniarth 132 and Peniarth 178. MORGAN'S second wife Margaret was the daughter of Sir David Mathew, and through their son Trahaearn Morgan this second wife had several links to our DWNN family, our HUGH VAUGHAN family, and our collateral Thomas family. Her brother William Fawr and her nephew married into the families of GRUFFUDD ap NICHOLAS and Sir Rhys ap THOMAS. All are found at least collaterally in the Primary Chart 1-2. Also, the daughter of Margaret's brother John Mathew married into the MORGAN family of Tredegar. Thus, this MORGAN is amply documented.
ELIZABETH was recorded as MORGAN’S first wife in Peniarth 127 by Thomas Jenkin ap Deicws before 1523, and by Gruffudd Hiraethog in Peniarth 134 and Peniarth 178. She was a member of the famous VAUGHAN family of Herefordshire, and her mother was GWLADUS f. Sir DAFYDD GAM. Note that the Herefordshire VAUGHANS were not related to the family of 46.HUGH VAUGHN of Powys in north Wales.
10th Generation back from ?Margaretta Prichard
This was the great-great-grandfather of 46.HUGH VAUGHAN. The word kyffin means border but such usage as an epithet is not common. His descendants who took the surname KYFFIN have been studied and provide historical documentation for him, e.g. by Norman Tucker, “The Kyffins at Maenan,” Maenan is near Llanwrst in the Conwy River valley. The family coat of arms was carved on the ceiling of Maenan Hall with the date 1576 and initials WK for William Kyffin (Siddons, Vol II, p.94.) According to Bartrum (Bleddyn ap Cynfyn 8), MADOG KYFFIN had a sister Annes, but we know nothing more of her.
According to Bartrum’s pedigree for the HUGH VAUGHAN family, she was a descendant of Rhirid Flaidd, but we have not studied her parentage (Rhirid Flaidd 1).
According to Bradney, DAFYDD, the grandfather of 190.THOMAS LEWIS, was in possession at St Pierre soon after 1395, and fought in the French wars. We found no other information on him or his wife, who was recorded by Bradney (p.75) and Bartrum (Cydifor Fawr 16) as the NN daughter of WILLIAM ROBNETT
JENKIN of Langstone near Newport was recorded as being active between 1427 and 1441, the same dates as his cousin 380.LEWIS ap DAFYDD. JENKIN’s pedigree by Gruffudd Hiraethog (Peniarth 132) gives him two wives, but does not identify which was the mother of 382.MORGAN. One was Cecily, the daughter of Sir John Welsh of Llanwern, apparently the sister of LEWIS’S wife. The other was Jonet, the daughter of Gwilym ap Llywelyn of the three Pytins north of Brecon, whose cousin Denis, the daughter of Thomas ap Llywelyn of Llangattock near Crickhowell in Breconshire, married JENKIN’s cousin Ieuan MORGAN of Tredegar. Jonet and Denis were both shown as granddaughters of 3068.LLYWELYN ap HYWEL FYCHAN, the father of DAFYDD GAM. This would show a relation of the LEWIS family to the VAUGHAN/GAM family before the marriage of 383.ELIZABETH VAUGHAN to MORGAN ap JENKIN, but we have not searched for documentary confirmation.
Sir ROGER VAUGHAN (Vaughan=fychan, junior) lived at Bredwardine, Herefordshire, England. He was very well known in Welsh history, and for more on his family see HISTORICAL NARRATIVE Gentry 2. A somewhat different version of his pedigree appears in Wales and the Wars of the Roses by H.T. Evans (p.68), but Bartrum found it to be faulty, probably incorporating errors by incorrect copying of an earlier version. The patriarch of the VAUGHAN family was Drymbenog, and Bartrum’s pedigree was numbered 2. The earliest evidence of the family arms appears in paintings at the head of poems addressed to the family by Lewis Glyn Cothi in the 15th century (Siddons, Vol II, p.563).
After Sir ROGER’s death, GWLADUS married Sir William ap Thomas and became mother of the famous Herbert family. The Herbert pedigree appears in most general histories, e.g. that by H.T. Evans (p.136). GWLADUS’s family was less renowned, but her father was very well documented, as shown in the HISTORICAL NARRATIVE Gentry 2.
11th Generation back from ?Margaretta Prichard
This ancestor of 46.HUGH VAUGHAN is little known, but Alcwyn Evans adds “of Loran uchaf” to his name (The British Genealogist Book 1st, Film no.104355), and also says that MADOG’s great-grandfather 11,776.RHUN “rebuilt Loran mansion in 1230.” Lloran Uchaf is only 2 miles from Gartheryr. The pedigree (Bleddyn ap Cynfyn 8) shows that MADOG had three brothers: Einion and two who were named after their father, Ieuaf Fychan (junior) of Llwynymaen, said to be Constable of Knockin Castle, and Ieuaf Benfras (big-head).
Her family claimed descent from Bleddyn ap Cynfyn just as her husband’s family did, but in Bartrum’s pedigree (Bleddyn ap Cynfyn 43) her line was traced to 94,208.MAREDUDD ap BLEDDYN’s son Hywel instead of to MAREDUDD’s son 47,104.MADOG, as in her husband’s ancestry.
PHILIP was considered the founder of the LEWIS family at St. Pierre through his son 760.DAFYDD and grandson 380.LEWYS. He was one of three sons of 3040.LLYWELYN ap IFOR, who was the progenitor of both 190.THOMAS LEWIS through this PHILIP and of THOMAS’S wife ELIZABETH through LLYWELYN’s son MORGAN (Cydifor Fawr 14). Bartrum shows in “Children of the Lord Rhys“ (p.97) that PHILIP and his two brothers are the last of the descendants of the LORD RHYS to be mentioned in the tract. The earliest surviving version was recorded c.1500 by Ieuan Brechfa in Peniarth 131, but the original tract may have been composed during their lifetimes in the 14th century.
The pedigree (Cydifor Fawr 16) shows PHILIP’s wife as NEST, the daughter of GWILYM SAIS (William the English-speaking) of Merthyr Tydfil, a descendant of Ifor Bach of Senghenydd, but it appears from her pedigree that she was born before 1300, which does not fit well with this relationship. Further study is needed before accepting her.
PHILIP was named after his uncle 1520.PHILIP of St Pierre. He purchased Langstone near Newport in 1382 according to John Williams and Bradney, and his pedigree was recorded by Gruffudd Hiraethog in Peniarth 132 and 133 (cited by Bartrum).
The NORRIS family from Gloucestershire were among the early Norman settlers in Glamorgan. It is not certain which of two men named John was our ancestor, but for what we were able to find of this family, see the HISTORICAL NARRATIVE Gentry 2.
This father of 766.Sir ROGER VAUGHAN was recorded around 1600 by Llywelyn Sion as living at his maternal grandfather’s home Bredwardine, according to Bartrum. Further study of the records of the family in Herefordshire and Breconshire could prove fruitful.
According to the DWB, one branch of the Norman family of Devereux settled in Herefordshire soon after the Conquest. Siddons refers to seals used by William in the late 13th century, by Walter in 1363 (perhaps ANN’S father) and by Sir Walter, son of Walter, son of Walter, of Weobley, Herefordshire, in 1435 and 1446 (Welsh Heraldry, Vol. II, pp. 121-2). This marriage is commonly cited, but we are not aware of its historical documentation.
Sir DAFYDD was the father of GWLADUS. Gam means crooked or otherwise disabled, and in his case it is said that he squinted or had lost an eye. Bartrum’s pedigree of the family was Bleddyn ap Maenarch 20. DAVY GAM’S descendants who continued in Breconshire for 250 years, took the surname Games. For more on this figure’s mention by Shakespeare, see the HISTORICAL NARRATIVE Gentry 2.
According to the pedigree of her family, their patriarch was Drymbenog, as was the case for the VAUGHANS of Bredwardine, but the two lines met only at Drymbenog himself in the 11th century (Drymbenog 4), so the relation does not seem significant. More study is needed.
12th Generation back from ?Margaretta Prichard
We have no personal details for this IEUAF. No siblings are listed for him in Bartrum’s family pedigree (Bleddyn ap Cynfyn 7).
2945. EFA f. ADDA ab AWR (est b.1260 - ?) HUGH VAUGHAN LineHer husband’s pedigree gave her descent as from Tudur (Bartrum’s Tudur 2), but we have not researched it.
According to Bartrum’s pedigree for this LLYWELYN (Cydifor Fawr 14) and the DWB account of the Morgans of Tredegar House, LLYWELYN was Lord of St Clears and of Gwynfe in Carmarthenshire. Of his three sons, 1520.PHILIP is the ancestor of THOMAS LEWIS, and 3056.MORGAN is the ancestor of LEWIS’s wife ELIZABETH. We feel reasonably sure of LLYWELYN’S own identity as well as that of his wife ANGHARAD, but the tradition that he descended from BLEDRI LATIMER and CYDIFOR FAWR (d.1091) is not historically documented and cannot be shown from his pedigree, which lacks at least three necessary generations. Accordingly, we are not giving his ancestry, not even his father IFOR. Two other claimed (though historically undocumented) lines to BLEDRI LATIMER and CYDIFOR FAWR, which have the full number of generations, are given through 45.MEDDEFUS and 2577.MARGRED in the Primary Chart 1-2.
ANGHARAD was the daughter and sole heir of 6082.MORGAN ap MAREDUDD of Tredegar, as shown in his two IPMs in December 1331 and May 1333 (see the HISTORICAL NARRATIVE Gentry 2). For details see Bartrum, ”Children of the lord Rhys,”- (notes pp.100, 102). ANGHARAD has one of our longest and richest branches from the LEWIS family to the Welsh princes of both Deheubarth (see 389,248.RHYS ap TEWDWR) and Gwynedd (see 389,250.GRUFFUDD ap CYNAN). So we named for her that long line from Tredegar to both princes, as Branch of 3041.ANGHARAD.
MORGAN was the brother of 1520.PHILIP in the ancestry of 190.THOMAS LEWIS, and he was also the father of 1528.PHILIP of Langstone in the ancestry of LEWIS’s wife 191.ELIZABETH. According to the Dictionary of Welsh Biography, MORGAN witnessed a deed in 1375 and died in 1381, so he was historically documented.
His name means “Walter the English-speaking” (John Davies p.235), and he was so named because he associated with the English in the time of Edward III (Bartrum’s pedigree Drymbenog 2).
She was said to be the heiress of Sir WALTER and to have brought Bredwardine to her husband. We are not aware of documentation for this marriage apart from the pedigree. A Bredwardine coat of arms was painted in 1591, but Siddons says that English sources give an altogether different coat for a family of the name of Bradwardyn (Vol II, pp.42-3).
LLYWELYN was still alive in 1412 when he assented to the seneschal and receiver of Brecon treating with Owain Glyn Dwr for the ransom of his son DAFYDD GAM. Much of the historical documentation of this family (both father and son) was related to their support of the English against Glyn Dwr and therefore the enmity of Welsh adherents of the revolt (R.R. Davies, Glyn Dwr, pp.227,302).
According to Bartrum’s pedigree Llywarch ap Bran 9, MAWD was the daughter of IEUAN ap RHYS ap IFOR GOCH of Glangwy (Wye valley), and IFOR was known to be alive in 1276. Siddons concludes that IEUAN lived at Glasbury on the Wye in Radnorshiire (Vol II, p.269). There is probably considerable material on this family, but we did not pursue it.
13th Generation back from ?Margaretta Prichard
Lewys Dwnn (I, 290n) noted that in 1230,CYHYLYN was living at Llansilin, the township where the mansion house of Lloran uchaf was built. Bartrum’s notes to the pedigree (Bleddyn ap Cynfyn 7) also show a brother of CYHELYN, Iorwerth, whose descendants lived in the same district, Mechain.
We have not studied her at all.
MORGAN was a proved descendant of the LORD RHYS of Dinefwr, and he also descended from the maternal line of the Welsh lords of Caerleon in Monmouthshire. His IPM held in north Wales in 1331 listed his many properties, his daughter 3041.ANGHARAD being his heir. Another IPM held in south Wales in 1333 listed his Carmarthenshire properties. There is no mention of Tredegar near Newport with which he is usually associated, and which was held by ANGHARAD’s descendants, but presumably the reason was that he did not hold it directly from the king so it would not be a subject of the IPM. For details see Bartrum, “Children of the lord Rhys,” p. 98. MORGAN was also amply documented for his leadership of the Welsh revolt of 1294 (J.Davies, p.166). See the HISTORICAL NARRATIVE Welsh Princes 2 and Gentry 2.
Her patriarch was given as Ynyr by Bartrum (pedigree Ynyr 4), but we have no other information.
He was the father of GWALLTER SAIS and son of ROGER FAWR, as listed in Bartrum’s pedigree (Drymbenog 2). He is omitted in many of the pedigrees of the VAUGHANs of Bredwardine, such as that by Evans (p.68).
This was a known Norman family, sometimes spelled Walbeoffe (Evans p.68), though we found nothing more than her name in the VAUGHAN pedigree. The Walbeoffe family lived in Llanhamlach, Breconshire, and had been in the lordship of Brecon from the mid-12th century (Siddons, Vol.II, p.580)
According to Bartrum’s note to the pedigree Bleddyn ap Maenarch 17, HYWEL, the grandfather of 1534.DAFYDD GAM, lived at Parc Letis in the Usk valley.
14th Generation back from ?Margaretta Prichard
Alcwyn Evans says that RHUN “rebuilt Loran mansion in 1230,” but gives no source. A pedigree of the Edwards family of Ness Strange, Co. Salop [Shropshire], in Burke’s Landed Gentry, attributes the rebuilding to RHUN’S son CYHELYN and cites an unnamed bard who wrote that it is “important that the years from the incarnation of the Son of God were twelve hundred and three tens when Cyhelyn founded a huge and high house of wood and stone.” "He erected," says the bard, "on the banks of Barrog, a house that will outstand the world. Let songs be sung to the amiable chief in the halls of Lloran." If these references are accurate, the family had Lloran for at least four generations from this rebuilding to the time of RHUN’s great-grandson 1472.MADOG GOCH. According to Bartrum’s pedigree (Bleddyn ap Cynfyn 7), RHUN had two brothers Gruffudd and Owain, and Owain’s descendants by the fifteenth century were living at Cadwnfa in Llanfihangel yng Ngwynfa parish, about 10 miles south west of Lloran.
The Lords Strange of Knockin were a well-known and early though “minor” English baronial family, usually called Lestrange, of the Marches in Shropshire, and Knockin castle lay within ten miles of the Lloran estate (R.R. Davies, pp.133,135) and of Gartheryr. The Lestrange pedigrees show two early Johns (e.g. Cockayne’s Peerage), but not this marriage. The 13th century seems somewhat early for the marriage of an English baronial daughter to an illegitimate Welsh scion of even a princely line. Illegitimacy was not a great concern in Wales, and perhaps RHUN’s grandfather prince MADOG in his grave still bore great social weight and thus his son EINION may have still been influential. Nevertheless, over a century later it was a mark of honor that the grandfather of Owain Glyn Dwr married Elizabeth, daughter of John Lestrange, the fifth lord of Knockyn, and this honor was related to the fact that Lestrange had been the Welshman’s guardian (R.R. Davies p.136). Thus, this claimed wife seems uncertain unless independent evidence can be found for her.
As the heir of 48,658.MORGAN ap HYWEL of Caerleon in 1248 at the age of 14, MAREDUDD was the lord of Machen west of Newport, and of areas north and east of Newport, including Caerleon. His mother is usually listed as his father’s wife, 24,329.GWERFUL ferch MORGAN (see for example Lloyd p.713), but MORGAN’S IPM implies that MAREDUDD might have been illegitimate (as noted by Lloyd in footnote 113, p.713). The pedigrees discussed by Bartrum in ”Children of the Lord Rhys” give his mother as a noblewoman of Is Cennen commote in Carmarthenshire, who was named later by Lewys Dwnn (I. 220, II. 100) as Jonet, daughter of 12,032.RHYS ap GRONWY (Bartrum, “Children of the Lord Rhys,” pp.98,102 note 1c). The question is unresolved, but it did not seem to affect his inheritance, though he could have inherited instead through his father’s mother 48,657.GWENLLIAN, who was MORGAN’S sister. For details of MAREDUDD’s life, see the HISTORICAL NARRATIVE Welsh Princes 2 and Gentry 2.
According to Bartrum, MAWD was the daughter of CADWALLON ap MADOG of east Radnorshire. Bartrum clearly puts her father Cadwallon as the son of Madog ap Maelgwn Ieuanc ap Maelgwn, but he points out that this Cadwallon was sometimes misidentified as his ancestor Cadwallon ap Madog ab Idnerth (who was Maelgwn’s father). Maelgwn died in 1197, the earlier Cadwallon died in 1179, and Madog in 1140. See Bartrum’s Early Welsh Genealogical Tracts, in which three pedigrees for the earlier Cadwallon are given, one of which shows his mother as “Rhanullt ferch Gruffudd ap Cynan ap Iago.” This mother would be quite possible as a granddaughter of GRUFFUDD ap CYNAN ’S Viking and Irish mother 778,501.RADNAILLT, of course, but we don’t know if MAWD or the pedigree itself has any historical documentation. Obviously this wife needs more study.
The father of ROGER IEUANC is said by Gruffudd Hiraethog to have lived at Llechryd in the Wye valley north of Builth (Peniarth 178), and he may have been the Roger ap Ieuan who held the Barony of Penkethly in Breconshire in 1298 with Roger de Mortimer and Milo Pichard. This family became the VAUGHANs of Bredwardine.
The Baskerville name is best known from the story by Conan Doyle, but the hounds of the story were associated with the family who lived at Clyro in Radnorshire, not in Devon where Doyle’s story was placed. The family originally held Eardisley in Herefordshire, where a Sir Ralph was living in 1194. By 1227 the family also held Bredwardine, where JANE’s descendant 1532.ROGER HEN lived later. A Ralph Baskerville of Bredwardine, possibly JANE’s father, sealed with a chevron between three annulets or rings in the time of Henry III (1216-1272) (Siddons, Vol II, p.19).
HYWEL served the Bohuns, the Norman lords of Brecon, and supported them against Edward II in 1327 (R.R.Davies, Conquest, p.409).
Bartrum gives her ancestry in Ynyr 3, but we have not studied it.
15th Generation back from ?Margaretta Prichard
EINION was one of twins (Efell means twin), and his brother Cynwrig Efell also grew to adulthood and had many descendents. Alcwyn Evans calls him “Cynfrig Efell, Lord of Eglwyseg” (Film no.104355). About 1480 EINION’s pedigree was recorded in Peniarth 131 (p.103) by the bard Gutun Owain, the earliest of the genealogists whose name is known and whose manuscripts have survived, though he mainly copied older texts. This pedigree was transcribed into Peniarth 129 (pp.45,92) about 1500 from a pedigree recorded in 1497 by Gutun Owain “when it was more complete” according to Bartrum, and EINION was said to have lived in Cynllaith, the commote in north Powys in which Lloran was situated. The pedigree was recorded again a little later, about 1510-1523 by ‘Syr’ Thomas ap Ieuan ap Deicws in Peniarth 127 (p.109). As said with 46.HUGH VAUGHAN, his pedigree was recorded by Lewys Dwnn (I, 26, 214). EINION’s descendants, including the VAUGHANs of Golden Grove, adopted a coat of arms in which a shield divided horizontally black above silver bore a lion rampant in silver above black
GRUFFUDD was a grandson of the LORD RHYS and is said to have lived at Machen in Gwynllwg, but little else is known of him (Bradney, Vol.III, p.191; Bartrum, “Children of the lord Rhys,” p. 98).
There is no doubt of the marriage of GWERFUL to GRUFFUDD, but the question whether she was the mother of his son 12,164.MAREDUDD is unresolved. MAREDUDD inherited GWERFUL’s father’s estate, but possibly did so through his grandmother 48,657.GWENLLIAN. Bartrum points to pedigrees which imply that his mother was a noblewoman of Carmarthenshire (named later by Lewys Dwnn as Jonet ferch RHYS ap GRONWY), and that he inherited through his father’s mother GWENLLIAN, who was MORGAN’S sister (Bartrum, “Children of the Lord Rhys,” pp.98,102 note 1c). GWERFUL and her husband GRUFFUDD were first cousins as his mother was her aunt (J. Davies p.83). Like GWENLLIAN, GWERFUL descends from the ancient line that began with 3,114,048.RHYDDERCH ap IESTIN (see HISTORICAL NARRATIVE Welsh Princes 2).
We know nothing of this father of 12,256.ROGER FAWR, but see the entry of that ROGER for possible historical documentation of this family in Breconshire.
GWLADUS is said by Bartrum in Rhys ap Tewdwr 12 to have been the granddaughter of RHYS GRYG (the hoarse), son of the LORD RHYS of Dinefwr. Her father IEUAN was described by Llywelyn Sion as of Llanfihangel Cwm Du north of Tretower, but we have no confirmation of this marriage. This would be another interesting connection worth study if it can be proved.
There is documentary evidence for EINION SAIS in 1271 (Lib. Wal. 28), and according to the DWB entry for DAFYDD GAM, EINION’s castle was west of Brecon at Penpont on the river Usk. The website www.castlewales.com locates it possibly at a motte a mile further south, and places EINION also at a 13th century tower at Sennybridge, further west.
Bartrum gives her andestry in Iestyn 9, but we have not studied it.
16th Generation back from ?Margaretta Prichard
MADOG appears here in the line of HUGH VAUGHAN as father of his illegitimate son 23,552.EINION EFELL. He also appears below in the line of JANE LEWIS through his daughter GWENLLIAN, who married the LORD RHYS, but there he is numbered 194,626 because that LEWIS line has three more generations than this line from HUGH VAUGHAN. Note that this difference in generations was accumulated over four hundred years from the 16th back to the 12th century, and does not seem very suspicious.
She was mistress, not wife, of MADOG ap MAREDUDD, and Bartrum’s pedigree of MADOG gives her descent reference as Idnerth Benfras 5.
This son of the LORD RHYS is well documented (Bartrum, Children of the lord Rhys, pp. 98). See Welsh Princes 2 and Gentry 2.
This marriage joined the line of the Deheubarth rulers to the descendants of the fighters who had repeatedly tried to take over Deheubarth (see the HISTORICAL NARRATIVE Welsh Princes 2 and Gentry 2). As already said with MAREDUDD and GWERFUL, GWENLLIAN was the daughter of HYWEL and sister of MORGAN (“Children of the lord Rhys,” p.98). We have listed her in the branch of her grandson MAREDUDD,
He died in 1248, and his IPM in February 1249 showed that he held of the king two commotes in the area around Caerleon. As already said, his heir was named as his grandson 12,164. MAREDUDD ap GRUFFUDD (Bradney, Vol. III, p.191; DWB; J. Davies p.83, Bartrum, Rhydderch ap Iestyn 1)
We know nothing of this father of 24,512.IEUAN. Bartrum’s pedigree (Drymbenog 1) gives him three wives, but we do not know which was IEUAN’S mother.
Bartrum places RHYS at Glasbury where the river Llynfi joins the Wye (Bleddyn ap Maenyrch 13).
17th Generation back from ?Margaretta Prichard
NOTE: FROM THIS 17th GENERATION THROUGH THE 26th GENERATION WITH RHODRI MAWR, THE WELSH PRINCES ARE HISTORICALLY WELL DOCUMENTED AND USUALLY HAVE ESTABLISHED PEDIGREES, SO WE CITE FEWER SOURCES IN THESE TEN GENERATIONS. THESE PRINCES’ PLACE IN WELSH HISTORY IS GIVEN IN OUR HISTORICAL NARRATIVE.
Maredudd was Prince of Powys and is well documented.
She was given in Bleddyn ap Cynfyn 1 as one of MAREDUDD’s two wives, and the pedigree names her but gives no other information.
According to Bartrum (Idnerth Benfras 5), this maternal grandfather of 23,542.EINION EFELL lived at Maen Gwynedd. His name was also written as Eurean and Urien.
RHYS ap GRUFFUDD of Dinefwr, the grandson of 389,248.RHYS ap TEWDWR, used the title prince, and later was always referred to as “the Lord Rhys”. His life and activites are amply detailed in all histories of Wales. He had many sons, and many of their descendants are well documented.
RHYS married GWENLLIAN, the daughter of 47,104.MADOG ap MAREDUDD, Prince of Powys. Thus, the LORD RHYS became the half brother-in-law of our ancestor 23,552.EINION EFELL in the line of 46.HUGH VAUGHAN, in addition to his position as ancestor in the LEWIS line.
HYWEL is historically documented as one of six men who held castles in Glamorgan and Gwent in the king’s name in 1184, and he is remembered as lord of Caerleon. See the HISTORICAL NARRATIVE Welsh Princes 1-2 and Gentry 2) for his descent directly from the early line of 3,114,048.RHYDDERCH ap IESTIN, who died in 1033.
Bartrum (Rhyddderch ap Iestyn 1) shows HYWEL’s wife GWERFUL as a daughter of OWAIN CYFEILIOG, who was descended from BLEDDYN ap CYNFYN and was granted a part of Powys in 1140 (J. Davies p.127). We found no documentation confirming this marriage, and made no further study of her.
We know nothing of this father of 49,024 HYWEL, nor do we know which of his two wives given in Bartrum’s pedigree (Drymbenog 1) was HYWEL’S mother. As said earlier, we have not researched the earliest ancestors of Sir ROGER VAUGHAN, and we did not continue his line past this SEISYLL
Bartrum places HYWEL at Llangors, east of Brecon, and gives his brother as Trahaearn Fychan, who married a niece of the LORD RHYS and was executed by William Braose in 1198 (R.R.Davies, Conquest, p.224). They were shown in Bleddyn ap Maenyrch 1 as the great -grandsons of this patriarch Bleddyn ap Maenyrch of Brecon, who died in 1093, possibly at the same time as 389,248.RHYS ap TEWDWR.
18th Generation back from ?Margaretta Prichard
BLEDDYN’s life and actions are detailed in
all general histories of Wales, and see the HISTORICAL NARRATIVE Welsh
She is recorded in the pedigree Bleddyn ap Cynfyn 1 as one of BLEDDYN’s four wives, and as the daughter of Cillin who is described as “Y Blaidd Rhudd o’r Gest yn Eifionydd” (the red wolf from the area of northwest Wales around Criccieth). We have no other information on her, and no documentary evidence of the marriage.
We know nothing of EGINYN except that according to Bartrum (Idnerth Benfras 1) he had a sister Nest, who would have been a great-aunt of the mother of EINION EFELL.
GRUFFUDD, the father of the LORD RHYS, is well documented. After returning from refuge in Ireland, he married the daughter of his late father’s old ally GRUFFUDD ap CYNAN, joining two major families. He died young, a year after the death of his wife in battle.
GWENLLIAN is also well documented, and has a still surviving memorial in the field given her name where she died leading her attack on the castle of Kidwelly in 1136, Maes Gwenllian. She is part of the branch in the LEWIS line that we labeled for her father as the only branch leading to RHODRI MAWR through the rulers of Gwynedd and RHODRI’S eldest son ANARAWD.
MADOG is listed here as father of 97,313.GWENLLIAN, wife of the LORD RHYS. He was also listed as 47,104 as father of EINION EFELL in the line of 46.HUGH VAUGHAN.
As wife of MADOG, SUSANNA is usually assumed to be the mother of GWENLLIAN f. MADOG, wife of the LORD RHYS, but that assumption can be questioned. With MADOG’s other daughter who made an important marriage, i.e. MARGRED, wife of Iorworth and mother of Llywelyn the Great, Stewart Baldwin does not allow SUSANNA as her mother because she was not named as such in the early sources (Baldwin’s online Ancestry Chart of Llywelyn ap Iorwerth). While we agree with Baldwin’s stricture against presuming that a wife is always the mother unless there is a known mistress, we also note that an illegitimate daughter in such an important marriage would likely be somewhere mentioned as such, even in Wales. In the case of GWENLLIAN f. MADOG we do not know whether early sources document SUSANNA as her mother, so we have to question her maternity until we gain more information.
In 1158, IORWERTH succeeded his brother Morgan, and with his son HYWEL regained Caerleon. Although state records document his dispossession by Henry II in 1171, he regained the estate two years later (Bradney, Vol.III, p.187, DWB “Morgan ap Hywel.”).
IORWERTH’S wife is recorded in his pedigree Rhydderch ap Iestyn 1 as ANGHARAD, the daughter of UCHDRUD, bishop of Llandaff, but we did not study her.
We know nothing of this father of 98,098.SEISYLL in the VAUGHAN of Bredwardine pedigree (Bartrum’s Drymbenog 1), but are following the line to MOREIDDIG WARWYN.
The pedigree Drymbenog 1 gives LLYWELYN’S wife JOAN as the granddaughter of RHYS GOCH (the ruddy) of Ystrad Yw, the Breconshire commote which included Tretower and Cwm Du, so her location was a place where the later VAUGHANS lived, but we have not studied her further.
Continued in Branch Chart 2
Derek Williams, Norma Rudinsky